Who is the Author of “Footprints?” The Debate Continues

The most popular print of “Footprints”

Whether you are religious or not, there is a good chance you have seen this poem printed somewhere, either a framed print or a bookmark.

It wasn’t too long ago that I came across this poem on a bookmark that I have had since high school. On my bookmark, it is attributed as “author unknown.”

How is it that this famous poem can’t be attributed to a single poet?  

Because curiosity got the best of me, I went on an internet search to see if I could find out the answer. Instead, it took me down a rabbit hole of the many opinions about who the original author could be, some conflicting information, and a lawsuit.

Two versions of “Footprints”  

The poem I know best is the one posted above. However, I didn’t realize there were two versions of the poem. The second is a slightly different version, “Footprints in the Sand,” written in first person.  

My 1981 bookmark with the “Footprints” poem, Author Unknown.

Who is the author of “Footprints?”

While it is sometimes referred to as “author unknown,” an original, handwritten copy of the poem was discovered by Basil Zangare, which insists that it was written by his late mother, Mary Stevenson, in 1936, during the Great Depression. (She died in 1999.) After it was found, Stevenson filed a copyright claim in 1984.

Zangare filed the lawsuit in 2008 against two other women who claim to be the poem’s sole author and copyright holder. These women have made money from the poem; Zangare states that his mother did not.

Follow the money.

According to a story in the Washington Post, one of the defendants, a Canadian poet named Margaret Fishback-Powers, said she wrote the poem in 1964 while at a youth retreat. She sold the poem to HarperCollins in a 1992 book deal, with her account of how she “wrote it, lost it, and rediscovered it once the world had already been moved to hang it on refrigerators and church youth room walls.” Powers has a registered trademark for “Footprints” and “Footprints in the Sand” but claims she has made little money from the poem.

Carolyn Joyce Carty is the other defendant in the suit. Her stance is that she wrote the poem in 1963 – when she was six years old – then stated that her grandmother wrote it in 1922. Carty also filed a copyright on the poem, and a collection of her poetry published in 2004 states that she is the Footprints author. She has also monetized her version of the poem.

As I researched, details on Powers, Carty, and the poem’s origin vary, depending on what website you read, including Wikipedia.

Although Zangare’s lawsuit is against Powers and Carty, there are still others who want to be called the author of the poem. In addition, variants of the poem have been used in many publications and music.

In the end, I can find no definite information about who won the lawsuit. There were complications, including that the alleged original document of Stevenson’s was lost in an overnight delivery, and that Zangare waited too long to sue. Stevenson’s registered copyright doesn’t prove absolute authorship, although there are many attributions to Stevenson as the rightful author of the “Footprints” version of the poem.

Interestingly enough, a Brooklyn journalist and literary sleuth named Rachel Aviv, traced elements of the poem to a sermon in 1880 – so it could be that nobody really wrote the poem. (Washington Post)

In the end, the poem has gained popularity because of how it touches the heart. “Footprints” reflects how we feel alone when things go wrong, and our faith is shattered. The overall promise of the poem is simply the words of God, who reminds us many times in the Bible that He will never leave us or forsake us. Jesus told his disciples before ascending to heaven, “And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age. (Also see Psalm 55:22, Isaiah 41;13, Hebrews 13:5, 1 Peter 5:7 and Romans 8:31, 37-39)

My bookmark will stay in my Bible for its inspiration and reminder that we follow a God who sees us, is with us, and always know what is best for us.  

Scripture references are from the New International Version and linked to BibleGateway for the reader’s convenience.

8 responses to “Who is the Author of “Footprints?” The Debate Continues”

  1. I probably live under a rock, but I have never heard about this. However, as I was reading it, and there was only one set of footprints when the person was at their lowest, I immediately thought that they were being carried. And with a solid amount of CSI episodes under my belt, I wondered if it wasn’t recognizable that the footprints had a deeper imprint into the sand 😉
    Kidding aside, it’s a beautiful message, no matter who wrote it, it’s disgusting that people who clearly have not even have written it (what six year olds write poems?) want to make money out of it.
    Be it as it may. Thank you for sharing the main message: we are never alone, and we should try and remember that when we’re going through difficult times.

  2. I’ve always loved the Footprints message. Maybe we shouldn’t worry about who write and and just remember the message. Great detective work Angie!

  3. To be honest, I’m not a big fan of Footprints. I much prefer, “I will never leave you nor forsake you,” and the “I’ve got you!” that I sometimes hear in my head. Interesting article, though, about the multiple claims of authorship.

  4. Oh, this is very fascinating. Thanks for doing the research… even though it still leaves us with questions, of course. You are so right, the poem “Footprints” definitely touches my heart and the hearts of many worldwide.

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